25 April, 2018 | 9 Sha’ban, 1439 H

"A man who sits with his family is more beloved to Allah (swt) than spending the night in worship (itikaf) in my masjid"

- The Prophet Muhammad (s)

Learning
imge

Core Curriculum

Section 1 - God, Religion and Islam: An Introduction
  • Topic 1.1 - The Problem of Evil, Suffering and Pain

  • Topic 1.2 - God, Allah and Religion

  • Topic 1.3 - Introduction to Islam

  • Topic 1.4 - What is “Religion” and What’s the Point of it Anyways?

  • Topic 1.5 - A Brief Introduction to the Prophet Muhammad (s), the Prophet of Islam

Section 2 - Foundations of Islam - Theology
  • Topic 2.1 - Entering Islam: The Shahada

  • Topic 2.2 - The Usūl al-Dīn: The Fundamental Beliefs of Islam

  • Topic 2.3 - Tawhīd: The Unity and Oneness of God in Islam

  • Topic 2.4 - Adala: Divine Justice in Islam

  • Topic 2.5 - Nubuwwa: The Purpose of Prophethood in Islam

  • Topic 2.6 - Imāmah or divinely guided leadership in Islam after the Prophet Muhammad.

  • Topic 2.7 - Maʿād: The Day of Judgment in Islam

  • Topic 2.8 - The Sharīʿa: Purpose and Practice

  • Topic 2.9 - The Islamic Concept of the Nafs: Battling the Human Ego

  • Topic 2.10 - Satan, Jinns and Angels: Their Influence in the World

  • Topic 2.11 - The Problem of Evil, Suffering and Pain

Section 3 - Foundations of Islam - Obligatory Acts
  • Topic 3.1 - Accepting Islam: Putting Faith into Action

  • Topic 3.2 - Jihād in Islamic Law and Spirituality

  • Topic 3.3 - Salāt: Obligatory Ritual Prayers in Islam

  • Topic 3.4 - Ritual Purity in Islamic Law: Understanding Tahāra and Najāsa

  • Topic 3.5 - The Five Categories of Islamic Law

  • Topic 3.6 - Tawalla and Tabarra, its Basics and Purpose

  • Topic 3.7 - The Purpose of Zakat and Khums in Islamic Law

  • Topic 3.8 - The Hajj Pilgrimage

  • Topic 3.9 - The Furūʿ al-Dīn: The Fundamental Practices of Islam

  • Topic 3.10 - Fasting in Islam, its Purpose, Dos and Don’ts

  • Topic 3.11 - Other Obligatory and Forbidden Acts in Islam

  • Topic 3.12 - Niyya: Religious Intention as the Foundation of Islamic Practice

  • Topic 3.13 - Commanding the Good and Forbidding Evil in Islam

Section 4 - Prophethood in Islam
  • Topic 4.1 - A Brief Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (s): The Prophet’s Childhood (PART I of III)

  • Topic 4.2 - Bio: The Prophet Muhammad as a Prophet of God (PART II of III)

  • Topic 4.3 - A Brief Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (s): The Prophet’s Character (PART III of III)

  • Topic 4.4 - The Prophet Muhammad (s) as Messenger and Teacher

  • Topic 4.5 - The Prophet and his Relationships

  • Topic 4.6 - The Prophet’s Sunnah and Hadith

  • Topic 4.7 - Ghadīr and Arafah: The Two Last Sermons of the Prophet

  • Topic 4.8 - Jesus and Mary in Islam

Section 5 - The Qur'an and Hadith
  • Topic 5.1 - Islam and Other Religions

  • Topic 5.2 - What is the Qur’an? A Short Introduction to Islam’s Holy Book

  • Topic 5.3 - The Structure of the Holy Qur’an

  • Topic 5.4 - The Quran and Islamic law

  • Topic 5.5 - The Qur’an, Allah and Humankind

  • Topic 5.6 - Hadith and Sunnah, difference and variations

  • Topic 5.7 - The Reliability of Hadiths

  • Topic 5.8 - A Reflection on Verses of the Holy Qur’an

  • Topic 5.9 - Hadith al-Thaqalayn

  • Topic 5.10 - Imam Ali (as) and Nahj al-Balagha.

  • Topic 5.11 - Taqlid and Tawḍih Al Masail Genre of Literature

Section 6 - Measuring Good and Bad in Islam
  • Topic 6.1 - The Effects of Our Actions in this World

  • Topic 6.2 - The Gray Areas of Islamic Law and Morality

  • Topic 6.3 - Heaven and Hell in Islam

  • Topic 6.4 - Life and Death in Islam

  • Topic 6.5 - Guidance According to Islam

  • Topic 6.6 - Fate and the Consequences of our Choices in Islam

  • Topic 6.7 - The Effect of Culture and Environment in Shaping our Religious Choices

  • Topic 6.8 - Major Sins in Islam

  • Topic 6.9 - Why Allah Allows People to Sin

  • Topic 6.10 - Repentance and Forgiveness of Sins in Islam

  • Topic 6.11 - The Three Kinds of Rights in Islam

  • Topic 6.12 - Sinning Against Others and their Delayed Punishment

  • Topic 6.13 - Kufr in Islam

  • Topic 6.14 - Trivializing the Harām

  • Topic 6.15 - Benefits of Islamic Law in this World

  • Topic 6.16 - Good and Bad Deeds: The Spiritual Consequences of our Choices

Section 7 - The Legacy of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and his Ahl al-Bayt (as)
  • Topic 7.1 - Islam and Knowledge: the Importance of Islamic Education

  • Topic 7.2 - The Ahl al-Kisa

  • Topic 7.3 - Imamah in the Qur’an

  • Topic 7.4 - Fatima al-Zahrah (as)

  • Topic 7.5 - A Brief Look at the Lives of the Imams (Imam al-Hasan until Imam Muhammad al-Baqir)

  • Topic 7.6 - A Brief Look at the Lives of the Imams (Imam Jafar al-Sadiq until Imam Hasan al-Askari)

  • Topic 7.7 - A Brief Look at the Life and Importance of Imam al-Mahdi (aj)

  • Topic 7.8 - Salawat and Atonement in Islam

  • Topic 7.9 - The Companions (Sahaba) of the Prophet According to the Qur’an

  • Topic 7.10 - Clerical Hierarchies in Muslim Communities

  • Topic 7.11 - Mosques in Islam

  • Topic 7.12 - The Philosophy of Karbala and Majalis

  • Topic 7.13 - A Brief Biography of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (as)

  • Topic 7.14 - The Battle of Karbala: A Brief History

Section 8 - Islamic Relationships, Sects and Conflicts
  • Topic 8.1 - Misconceptions about Shi’ism

  • Topic 8.2 - Major Sects of Islam

  • Topic 8.3 - Islam and Religious Conflicts

  • Topic 8.4 - Islam and Rights

  • Topic 8.5 - Sunnism and Shi’ism, beginnings and historical developments.

imge

Special Topics

Section 9 - Independent Topics
  • Topic 9.1 - Muslim Converts – Welcome to Islam!

  • Topic 9.2 - Basic Dos and Don’ts of Being a Muslim

  • Topic 9.3 - Halal Food and Zabiha

  • Topic 9.4 - Family, Parents and Marriage in Islam

  • Topic 9.5 - Marriage in Islam

  • Topic 9.6 - Islam and Sex

  • Topic 9.7 - Modesty in Islam

  • Topic 9.8 - Women’s Menstruation in Islam

  • Topic 9.9 - Music, Alcohol, Drugs and Pork in Islam

  • Topic 9.10 - Islam and Science

  • Topic 9.11 - A Reading List of Islamic Knowledge

  • Topic 9.13 - Ritual Prayers and Supplications in Islam

  • Topic 9.14 - Death & Burial Rituals in Islam

  • Topic 9.15 - The Battle of Armageddon: An Islamic View

  • Topic 9.16 - The Muslim Calendar

  • Topic 9.17 - Muslims and non-Muslims in the Shariah

  • Topic 9.18 - A Timeline of Major Events in Islamic History

  • Topic 9.19 - Introducing the Qur’an: Why it is the way it is

  • Topic 9.20 - The School of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq

  • Topic 9.21 - Major Fields in Islamic Studies

  • Topic 9.22 - The Caliphate in Sunni and Shia Islam

  • Topic 9.24 - Islam, Racism and Anti-Semitism

Section 10 - Islam, Religion, and Modern Controversies
  • Topic 10.1 - Modern Fallacies about God: where Theists and Atheists Agree

  • Topic 10.2 - Tawhīd: The Muslim God according to the Prophet Muhammad and the Ahl al-Bayt (as)

  • Topic 10.3 - God’s Existence: The Argument From Being (Wujūd)

  • Topic 10.4 - God’s Existence: The Kalam Cosmological Argument

  • Topic 10.5 - God’s Existence: The Argument From Design

  • Topic 10.6 - The Problem of Evil, Suffering and Pain

  • Topic 10.7 - Why did God Create Us? The Purpose of our Creation

  • Topic 10.8 - Why Humans Need Religion according to Islam

  • Topic 10.9 - Jahl and Spiritual Ignorance in Islam

  • Topic 10.11 - Do Non-Muslims Go to Hell?

A Brief Look at the Lives of the Imams (Imam al-Hasan until Imam Muhammad al-Baqir)

Abstract

A brief look at the lives of the second, third, fourth and fifth Imams.

INTRODUCTION

Bismillāhir Rahmānir Rahīm, As-salāmu ʿAlaykum wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuh. Peace be upon you brothers and sisters.

Welcome back to the Muslim Converts Channel! Our current series is an introduction to the 14 Infallibles of the Ahl al-Bayt (as).

In this lesson, we will be continuing with the lives of the infallibles. We have so far covered Imam Ali (as) and Fatima al-Zahra (as). Here will continue by briefly discussing the lives of Imam Hasan (as), Imam Husayn (as), Imam Zayn al-Abideen (as) and Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as).

As this is only a ten minute lecture, our coverage will naturally be limited. Please tune into the further reading list of this lecture for more information.

BODY OF TEXT

Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet's] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification. (Chapter 33, verse 33 of the Holy Qur’an)

Imam al-Hasan (as)

Let us begin with Imam al-Hasan (as). Imam Hasan (as) was born in 625 A.D and was the second Imam in the line of 12 Imams. His father was Imam Ali (as) and his mother was Fatima al-Zahra (as). Naturally, his grandfather was none other than the Messenger of Allah (s).

One of the features of Imam Hasan (as) that stood out was his striking resemblance to the Prophet (s) himself. The resemblance was so striking that the Prophet Muhammad (s) once stated that “Hasan has my form and my nobility.”

Imam Hasan (as) grew up being raised by Imam Ali (as) and the Prophet Muhammad (s). In addition to knowledge, he inherited much of the compassion, mercy and wisdom of his father and grandfather.

This wisdom became useful during his short tenure as Caliph. Muawiyah, Imam Ali’s archenemy, had given an ultimatum to Imam Hasan (as) to step down from the Caliphate and hand it over to him after bribing his followers to betray him. Imam Hasan, in his compassion for Muslim lives, gave up power in order to avoid bloodshed.

Imam Hasan (as) died in the year 670 A.D after being poisoned by his wife. His wife was hired by Muawiyah to assassinate with the false promise of having the opportunity to marry his son Yazid.

Imam al-Husayn (as)

Imam Husayn (as) was the brother of Imam Hasan and the third Imam. Like Imam Hasan, he was the son of Fatima al-Zahra and Imam Ali (as) as well as the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (s).

Some of the outstanding traits he inherited from the Prophet Muhammad (s) was his generosity and bravery.

The most distinguishing feature of Imam Husayn’s (as) life was the event of Karbala. Karbala was where Imam Husayn (as) refused to bow down to the tyrant of his time, Yazid, son of Muawiyah.

Unlike his predecessors who subverted Islam behind the curtain, Yazid was subverting Islam publically. He murdered, led prayers drunk, and would even recite poetry against the Prophet Muhammad (s). With all this, Yazid wanted to force Imam Husayn (as) to give allegiance to him, but Imam Husayn (as) refused.

As a result, Imam Husayn (as) was killed along with most of his family. He died in 680 A.D. See one of our later lectures on a larger account of Karbala.

Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as)

Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) was the son of Imam Husayn (as) and was the fourth Imam. Zayn al-Abidin means “adornment of the worshippers.” He was also known as Imam al-Sajjad, the prostrating Imam. He was called such because of his intense devotion to prayer.
The Imam was born in 658 A.D and his real name was Ali ibn al-Husayn. He had wanted to take part in the Battle of Karbala, but having been afflicted with a severe sickness, he could not participate. In this way Allah save his life and kept a living Imam for the Muslim community.

Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) lived mostly a quiet life, knowing that involvement in politics would kill him and jeopardize Imamah on earth. Instead, Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) spent his time teaching Muslims the true nature of Islam and making sure that it took hold on the grass roots level.

The Imam could not do this too outwardly, so he taught much through Du’as or supplications instead, where all of the major teachings of Islam about God or the religion in general could be found. The most famous compilation of this Du’as is called al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiya.

Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) died in 713.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as)

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) was the son of Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) and was the fifth Imam. He was born in the year 676 A.D. Al-Baqir is a title given to him meaning the “one who opens knowledge.”

Like his father, Imam al-Baqir (as) had taken a step back from involvement in politics. He knew that at this point it was futile and his arrest or assassination would be a disaster for Islam. The Imam took the necessary approach of staying quiet and teaching Islam to the masses.

What was unique about what he started was that he began training people to become scholars of Islam so that they could carry on spreading the authentic version of its message to the Muslim community.

As Imam Zayn al-Abidin (as) taught much about correct worship and relations with Allah, Imam al-Baqir (as) focused a lot on the law, making sure that people understood Islamic law well in a world where so many distortions of the Shariah had taken place.

As such, Imam al-Baqir (as) is credited for laying the foundations of a self-contained school of the Ahl al-Bayt (as) that was to preserve and teach Islam in all its fullness. For this reason, when one of the companions of the Prophet (s), Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (ra), asked about the names of the Imams who would succeed him, the Prophet (s) replied:

“O Jabir, you will have a long life, and although you will go blind, but you will meet the 5th in line of my descendants whose name will be my name, who will walk like me and who will be the 5th Imam of the time. When you will meet him, give my salaams to him”.
The hadith thus demonstrates the important role Imam al-Baqir (as) was to play in Islam.
In our next lesson, we will cover the 6th Imam until the 11th insha’Allah.

 

Until Next Time, Thank you for watching. As-salāmu ʿAlaykum wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuh

N/A

N/A

Q1

N/A

N/A

Muslim
God
Allah
Ahl al-Bayt
14 Infallibles
Muslim Community
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir
Imam Ali
Imam Husayn
Imam Husain
Imam Hasan
Imam Zayn al-Abidin
Imam al-Sajjad
Imam al-Baqir
Karbala
Shariah